You have got the FX risk – we have got the hedge

FX risks make a significant contribution to the risk of your institutional portfolio. They represent additional risks and are not compensated by a risk premium.

We present the factors that are important for an efficient currency hedging strategy.

Focused currency manager


The appointment of a specialised currency manager brings many advantages for you, the institutional investor

  • One dedicated contact for all your currency issues
  • Transparent and flexible structure
  • Timely and flexible adjustment of all currency positions
  • Central liquidity management minimises cash holdings
  • Increase of netting effects and thereby reduction of trading costs

Read more “Structural advantages through the mandate of a dedicated currency overlay manager”

Situation analysis

Currency holdings

Your entire currency allocation is subjected to a risk analysis

  • We calculate the value at risk and exposure – per currency pair and aggregated. In comparison to your risk budget, the economic risks of your unhedged portfolio can be revealed
  • FX carry and cash flow at risk provide information on the key parameters of FX hedging

Defining the hedging strategy

Your optimal hedging strategy is as individual as your portfolio. To derive it, two different approaches can be used

  • FX view
    Focus: currency characteristics (volatility, hedging costs, liquidity etc.)
  • Asset class view
    Focus: interaction of asset classes and currencies (diversification, liquidity, mark-to-market etc.)

Your ideal hedging strategy is based on your objectives

  • Minimisation of hedging costs
    Currency pairs with the lowest hedging costs (interest rate difference, basis swap) are hedged
  • Maximisation of diversification
    Hedging minimises value at risk of the currency portfolio
  • Pro-rata hedging
    Reduction of currency risks in relation to the overall portfolio, maintaining the currency allocation

In line with the hedging strategy you have chosen, the appropriate benchmark is defined, which must be determined in advance and thus adequately represents the mandate. At the same time, it can be measured clearly and transparently, and can be invested in real terms.

Read more “Requirements for an FX Overlay Benchmark”

Currency workshop

Once 7orca has analysed your FX data and derived possible hedging alternatives, the data is processed in accordance with the regulatory requirements and investment guidelines.

These will be presented to you during a comprehensive currency workshop. The workshop will also serve to clarify all your currency issues and gives you the opportunity to get an impression of how the Portfolio Management team and the Quant Research team work.

Investment process

Active currency overlay

An active currency overlay offers you an attractive, asymmetrical risk profile in addition to high hedging efficiency: you can participate in rising foreign exchange rates and are hedged in the event of adverse exchange rate developments.

In addition to this market-adaptive hedging, 7orca’s solution is characterised by a quantitative and systematic investment process.

Read more “Currency overlay management – systematic management of existing currency risks”

Our multi-model architecture, which uses the exchange rate and implicit hedging costs as input parameters, guarantees the strategic orientation of the overlay and a low trading frequency.

By introducing a machine learning model in May 2018, we have made lasting improvements to our proprietary model landscape.

Read more How currency overlay strategies can benefit from artificial intelligence”

Passive currency overlay

A passive currency overlay is useful if you want to constantly hedge your portfolio at a defined hedging level.

If FX volatility significantly increases the risk of your overall portfolio, this can be an effective hedging strategy.

7orca further improves the cost effective implementation through the tenor management. This enables us to derive the optimum tenor of the hedging instrument, taking into account all hedging costs with a proprietary algorithm.

Read more “How tenor management enhances passive currency overlay programs”

Exposure management

Derivation of FX exposure to be hedged

The exact determination of your FX exposure is a daily recurring process.

We start with an inventory by determining the currency risks of the holdings that are reported daily.

The characteristics of liquid and illiquid asset play an important role in this process.

Especially the FX determination of illiquid assets is complex. This is due to the usually long valuation periods, a complex cash flow profile caused by capital calls and capital returns, potential liquidity restrictions and the volatility parameters of the underlying investment.

We exclude assets and portfolios whose currency risks should not be hedged.

Part of the process is also quality control, comparison with FX benchmarks and identification and correction of misallocated currencies.

Deviation bands and netting effects

Defined deviation bands are used to contrast transaction costs with the expected risk. This enables us to limit transaction costs to an economically reasonable level.

Netting effects are realised by consolidating the FX exposure of currency pairs across all segments, funds and currency areas and trading the netted FX exposure.

Synchronisation of currency hedging and procurement

To further reduce market price risks and transaction costs, 7orca synchronises the spot transactions in the underlying segments with the hedging adjustment in the overlay segment.

This enables us to eliminate FX risk immediately and cost-effectively at the time it arises.


Choice of instruments

With regard to the choice of hedging instruments, 7orca is not subject to any restrictions and uses the instruments that are most efficient under the given circumstances. These include both forwards and exchange-traded futures. In any case, we only use highly liquid and linear instruments.

Read more ” Answers to a changed FX market structure”

Best execution

Execution quality makes a significant contribution to the overall performance of a currency overlay mandate.

We therefore place a strong focus on the execution process. Our best execution process is based on the life cycle of a transaction and is composed of three phases: pre-trade, trade execution and post-trade.

7orca uses BestX software for pre and post trade analyses. This ensures that, regardless of liquidity providers and execution venues, a transparent analysis of transaction costs is carried out before trading and that the transaction is executed at the most attractive conditions.

Read more “Answers to a changed FX market structure”

Implementation project

7orca uses a systematic implementation project to manage the frictionless mandate setup.

Together with you we define milestones and set the schedule.

In regular meetings, the steering committee and the participants of the project group exchange information on the implementation progress.

Management of counterparty risk

The monitoring and management of counterparty risk is a key component of our FX programme.

When concluding forwards, the customer takes on a counterparty risk against the FX brokers.

Default risks arise from fluctuations in the market value of forward exchange transactions, some of which are substantial.

7orca monitors counterparty risks continuously and repeats the detailed broker due diligence on an annual basis.

Liquidity management

7orca centralises liquidity in the overlay segment. Previously, this liquidity had to be kept available for the FX hedging of the underlying investment managers in the underlying segments.

We have established efficient processes to keep the average liquidity position in the overlay segment as low as possible.

Mandate structure

Based on the characteristics of your investment vehicles, the allocated asset classes and the desired level of hedging, 7orca develops your optimal mandate structure.

Hierbei wählen wir für Sie die effizienteste und kostengünstigste Struktur. Zugleich vermeiden wir eine Überkomplexität bei der Ausgestaltung des Overlay-Segments.

In doing so, we select the most efficient and costeffective structure for your needs. At the same time, we avoid over-complexity in the design of the overlay segment.

The FX exposure to be hedged is aggregated across all asset classes and sub-segments.

Information management

Currency report and data provision

The scope, content and level of detail of the performance report will be individually adapted to your needs.

As an additional reporting service, 7orca offers to include the performance contribution of the individual segments as well as the performance attribution relative to the defined benchmark. If required, 7orca can also prepare a cash flow forecast.

In general we can provide this information in all standard data formats.

Individual key figures can be automatically transferred to your management system via an interface.

7orca is your partner in FX matters

We are your sparring partner for your currency risks. With more than 20 years of experience in FX management, 7orca places its professional expertise at the centre of its activities for its clients.

A state-of-the-art IT landscape, proprietary investment processes and integrated software ensure an efficient risk management solution that is consistent with its characteristics.

As an independent asset manager, we select the most suitable implementation for you, without any conflicts of interest.

Please feel free to find out more in a personal conversation with us on +49 40 33 460 46 13.

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